East Rainfall Intensity
Middle East Peace Process, Multilateral Working Group on Water Resources
Rainfall Intensity Project Team
Version 2 of the Rainfall Intensity software is now available! It corrects many of the "bugs" reported in the previous version.
the digitized strip charts
Middle East Regional Rainfall-Intensity Project
The Regional Rainfall-Intensity Project (Home Page) is a U.S. contribution to the Middle East Regional Water Data Banks Project, Multilateral Working Group on Water Resources, Middle East Peace Process. The objective of the project is to develop a regional database system to input, store, analyze, and report rainfall-intensity data providing scientists with the capability to evaluate rainfall intensities in areas of Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian (Core Party) interest.
Rainfall-intensity measurements are used by engineers, land-use planners, and water-resource managers to design safe and economical structures for the control, storage, and routing of storm and surface water. These designs are based on depth-duration-frequency curves that are generated from historical rainfall-intensity measurements made over statistically significant periods of time. These depth-duration-frequency curves - also known as "probability curves" - represent probable future rainfall intensities.
Rainfall-intensity measurements and the resulting depth-duration frequency (or probability) curves are used in a variety of ways. For example, depth-duration frequency curves commonly are used in the design of drainage structures such as parking lots, culverts, and storm drains. The curves also are used as input to rainfall-runoff models, helping scientists and engineers predict floods and land slides. Dam failure predictions and spillway designs often are based on the magnitude of an extremely rare, large flood. Soil erosion prevention practices and irrigation management procedures also are based on reliable predictions of rainfall intensities.
For decades, rainfall-intensity in the Middle East has been measured using mechanical strip-chart recorders, also known as weighing bucket recorders. These instruments record rain depth with time on a paper strip chart that is wrapped around a slowly and uniformly spinning cylindrical drum. As the instrument bucket is filled with rain, it slowly descends and a pen records the corresponding depth of rain on the paper chart. The result is a graph showing the amount of rainfall (vertical movement of pen) over time (rotational movement of drum). A fresh chart is loaded every 24 hours as needed.
To extract useful information from a strip chart, the pen line (plotline) must be converted to numerical values of depth versus time. These values are then used to compute rainfall-intensity over time. Commonly, the plotline is converted to numerical values by digitally tracing its shape and position with a digitizer tablet. The digitized tracing is then converted to meaningful rainfall data (time-depths).
Custom-designed computer programs were developed as part of the Middle East Rainfall-Intensity Project to provide users with a complete software system for digitizing strip charts, and for storing, analyzing, mapping, and reporting rainfall-intensity data.
The RAIN software system consists of the following integrated programs:
RAINSTART is a custom Windows-based software program that serves as the main menu for all of the RAIN software applications. It allows a user to open RAINDIGITIZER, RAINPLOT, and RAINSHARE.
RAINDIGITIZER is a custom Windows-based software program developed for the regional Middle East rainfall-intensity database project. The program allows a user to:
RAINPLOT is a custom Windows-based software program developed for the regional Middle East rainfall-intensity database project. The program allows a user to:
RAINPLOT supports a large number of statistical distributions and plotting positions, supports best-fit testing, and allows a number of rainfall summary and analyses reports and plots to be generated automatically. Specific capabilities of RAINPLOT include:
RAINSHARE is a custom Windows-based software program developed for the regional Middle East rainfall-intensity database project. The program allows a user to:
An online User's Manual provides detailed instructions in the use of these programs. ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
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